Jesus Christ the Last Adam

Gen 2:4-3:8

4 This is the history of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens, 5 before any plant of the field was in the earth and before any herb of the field had grown. For the LORD God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to till the ground; 6 but a mist went up from the earth and watered the whole face of the ground. 7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.

8 The LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden, and there He put the man whom He had formed. 9 And out of the ground the LORD God made every tree grow that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

10 Now a river went out of Eden to water the garden, and from there it parted and became four riverheads. 11 The name of the first is Pishon; it is the one which skirts the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12 And the gold of that land is good. Bdellium and the onyx stone are there. 13 The name of the second river is Gihon; it is the one which goes around the whole land of Cush. 14 The name of the third river is Hiddekel; it is the one which goes toward the east of Assyria. The fourth river is the Euphrates.

15 Then the LORD God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to tend and keep it. 16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, "Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die."

18 And the LORD God said, "It is not good that man should be alone; I will make him a helper comparable to him." 19 Out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the air, and brought them to Adam to see what he would call them. And whatever Adam called each living creature, that was its name. 20 So Adam gave names to all cattle, to the birds of the air, and to every beast of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper comparable to him. 21 And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall on Adam, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh in its place. 22 Then the rib which the LORD God had taken from man He made into a woman, and He brought her to the man. 23 And Adam said:

"This is now bone of my bones And flesh of my flesh; She shall be called Woman, Because she was taken out of Man."

24 Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh. 25 And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.

Genesis 3

3:1 Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said to the woman, "Has God indeed said, 'You shall not eat of every tree of the garden'?" 2 And the woman said to the serpent, "We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden; 3 but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, 'You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.' " 4 Then the serpent said to the woman, "You will not surely die. 5 For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil." 6 So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate. 7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves coverings. 8 And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden. NKJV

Our Key Verse: 1 Cor 15: 45 And so it is written, "The first man Adam became a living being." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit. NKJV

Often we fail to realize how significant the account of Adam and Eve is to our understanding of our world today.

There are two basic philosophies today. The one says that "God made man upright, But they have sought out many schemes." Eccl 7:29 NKJV Thus man is continuing to devolve downward.

The other says that man has evolved from the lower life forms and is ever progressing.

The first requires a first Adam and a last Adam to restore that destroyed by the first.

The second requires no Adam or a second Adam because we are just getting better and better all the time.

The first account is the story of Christianity, the hope of the world.

The second is the story of our educational system in which our only hope is our own.

  1. The first Adam
    1. Created directly by God
      1. Gen 1:26 Then God said, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth." 27 So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. NKJV
    2. Created perfect, without sin or a sinful nature.
      1. Eccl 7:29 Truly, this only I have found: That God made man upright, But they have sought out many schemes." NKJV
      2. There was no flaw in Adam & Eve that caused them to fall.
    3. They were given a choice.
      1. Adam's will was free without any internal propensity to sin.
    4. Adam stood as our federal head in the test of obedience.
      1. Listen to the points John MacArthur makes
        1. Just as Adam was the progenitor of everyone who dies,
        2. so Christ is the progenitor of everyone who will be raised to life.
        3. In each case, one man doing one act caused the consequences of that act to be applied to every other person identified with him.
        4. Those who are identified with Adam--every person who has been born--is subject to death because of Adam's sinful act.
        5. Likewise, those who are identified with Christ--every person who has been born again in Him--is subject to resurrection to eternal life because of Christ's righteous act.
        6. In Adam all have inherited a sin nature and therefore will die. In Christ all who believe in Him have inherited eternal life, and shall be made alive, in body as well as in spirit.
        7. "For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous" (Rom. 5:19). MacArthur's New Testament Commentary: 1 Corinthians
        8. Adam and Eve originally were in a probationary period. Had they proved faithful rather than disobedient, their bodies would have been glorified and immortalized by eating the fruit of the tree of life, which they then could have eaten (see Gen. 2:9). Because they sinned, however, they were put out of the garden lest they eat of the tree of life and live forever in a state of sin (3:22). MacArthur's New Testament Commentary: 1 Corinthians
      2. Rom 5:12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned- NKJV
      3. Rom 5:19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man's obedience many will be made righteous. NKJV
  2. The story of hereditary depravity
    1. The Word of God was true, in the day that you eat of it you will die.
      1. They died spiritually that day and subsequently needed a new birth.
      2. Eph 2:1 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; 5 even when we were dead in trespasses, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), NKJV
      3. John 5:24 "Most assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life. NKJV
    2. Physical death also began that day. Adam began to die, as we all do, from the time we are born.
      1. Rom 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. KJV
      2. Rom 5:12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned--NKJV
    3. Adam was the type of Jesus,
      1. Rom 5:14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come. NKJV
    4. From Adam we inherit a sinful nature. Adam, therefore, is the cause of death, because his sin is the judicial ground of our condemnation; and because we derive from him a corrupt and enfeebled nature. C. Hodge on 1 Cor. 15:22
    5. Therefore all are corrupt.
      1. Ps 14:2-3 2 The LORD looks down from heaven upon the children of men, To see if there are any who understand, who seek God. 3 They have all turned aside, They have together become corrupt; There is none who does good, No, not one. NKJV
      2. Rom 3:12 They have all turned aside; They have together become unprofitable; There is none who does good, no, not one." NKJV
      3. Isa 53:6 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; We have turned, every one, to his own way; NKJV
  3. Righteousness by association.
    1. And being found in Him Phil. 3:9
      1. Christ is the cause of life, because his righteousness is the judicial ground of our justification; and because we derive from him the Holy Ghost, which is the source of life both to the soul and body. C. Hodge on 1 Cor. 15:22
    2. Paul states it several ways: Rom. 5:15-19
      1. 15 But the free gift is not like the offense. NKJV
        1. For if by the one man's offense many died, NKJV
        2. much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to many. NKJV
      2. 16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. NKJV
        1. For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation, NKJV
        2. but the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification. NKJV
      3. 17 For if by the one man's offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.) NKJV
      4. 18 Therefore, as through one man's offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man's righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life. NKJV
      5. 19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man's obedience many will be made righteous. NKJV.
    3. Again in 1 Cor 15: Paul compares the first and the last Adam.
      1. 45 And so it is written, "The first man Adam became a living being." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.
      2. 46 However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural, and afterward the spiritual.
      3. 47 The first man was of the earth, made of dust; the second Man is the Lord from heaven.
      4. 48 As was the man of dust, so also are those who are made of dust; and as is the heavenly Man, so also are those who are heavenly.
      5. 49 And as we have borne the image of the man of dust, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly Man. NKJV
    4. MacArthur says:
      1. The last Adam, however; became a life-giving spirit.
      2. The last Adam is Jesus Christ. "As through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous. And … as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord" (Rom. 5:19, 21; cf. vv. 12, 15). Through Adam we have inherited our natural bodies; through Christ we will inherit spiritual bodies in the resurrection. MacArthur's New Testament Commentary: 1 Corinthians
    5. In Adam all die and all in Christ will live.
      1. All those associated with Adam died in Adam, he was our representative, our federal head.
      2. All those associated with Jesus Christ have eternal life, through the new birth, repentance of sin and faith in the Savior.
    6. Salvation is by grace.
  4. Jesus came as the second Adam 1 Cor 15:45
    1. "Christ is the second great head and representative man, of whom Adam is declared to have been the type" Hodge on 1 Cor. 15:45
    2. By doing so he never failed but was obedient even to death.
    3. As by the sin of Adam we were made sinners so by the righteous of Jesus we are made righteous through faith in His finished work.

You are all dead in Adam and it is only through Jesus Christ that we can become alive. He alone has the power of life and death. He alone gives spiritual life and quickens those dead in sin.

Do you know that you have been quickened in Jesus Christ?

 

This message was preached at FBC Toulon, by Albert Harmon. See it at http://toulonbaptist.com  

 

 

Jesus Christ the Last Adam

Gen 2:4-3:8

Our Key Verse: 1 Cor 15: 45 And so it is written, "The first man Adam became a living _____________." The last Adam became a life-giving _____________. NKJV

Often we fail to realize how significant the account of Adam and Eve is to our understanding of our world today.

There are two basic philosophies today. The one says that "God made man upright, But they have sought out many schemes." Eccl 7:29 NKJV Thus man is continuing to __________________________ downward.

The other says that man has evolved from the lower life forms and is ever __________________________.

The first requires a _____________ Adam and a _____________ Adam to restore that destroyed by the first.

The second requires no Adam or a second Adam because we are just getting better and better all the time.

The first account is the story of _____________, the hope of the _____________.

The second is the story of our _____________ system in which our only hope is our own.

  1. The first Adam
    1. Created directly by God
      1. Gen 1:26
    2. Created _____________, without sin or a _____________ nature.
      1. Eccl 7:29 Truly, this only I have found: That God made man upright, But they have sought out many schemes." NKJV
      2. There was no _____________ in Adam & Eve that caused them to fall.
    3. They were given a choice.
      1. Adam's will was free without any internal _____________ to sin.
    4. Adam stood as our _____________ _____________ in the test of obedience.
      1. Listen to the points John MacArthur makes
        1. Just as Adam was the progenitor of everyone who dies,
        2. so Christ is the progenitor of everyone who will be raised to life.
        3. In each case, one man doing one act caused the consequences of that act to be applied to every other person identified with him.
        4. Those who are identified with Adam--every person who has been born--is subject to death because of Adam's sinful act.
        5. Likewise, those who are identified with Christ--every person who has been born again in Him--is subject to resurrection to eternal life because of Christ's righteous act.
        6. In Adam all have inherited a sin nature and therefore will die. In Christ all who believe in Him have inherited eternal life, and shall be made alive, in body as well as in spirit.
        7. "For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous" (Rom. 5:19). MacArthur's New Testament Commentary: 1 Corinthians
        8. Adam and Eve originally were in a probationary period. Had they proved faithful rather than disobedient, their bodies would have been glorified and immortalized by eating the fruit of the tree of life, which they then could have eaten (see Gen. 2:9). Because they sinned, however, they were put out of the garden lest they eat of the tree of life and live forever in a state of sin (3:22). MacArthur's New Testament Commentary: 1 Corinthians
      2. Rom 5:12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned- NKJV
      3. Rom 5:19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man's obedience many will be made righteous. NKJV
  2. The story of hereditary depravity
    1. The Word of God was _____________, in the day that you eat of it you will die.
      1. They died _____________ that day and subsequently needed a new birth.
      2. Eph 2:1 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; 5 even when we were dead in trespasses, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), NKJV
      3. John 5:24 "Most assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life. NKJV
    2. _____________ death also began that day. Adam began to die, as we all do, from the time we are born.
      1. Rom 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. KJV
      2. Rom 5:12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned--NKJV
    3. Adam was the _____________ of Jesus,
      1. Rom 5:14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come. NKJV
    4. From Adam we inherit a _____________ nature. Adam, therefore, is the cause of death, because his sin is the judicial ground of our condemnation; and because we derive from him a corrupt and enfeebled nature. C. Hodge on 1 Cor. 15:22
    5. Therefore all are _____________.
      1. Ps 14:2-3 2 The LORD looks down from heaven upon the children of men, To see if there are any who understand, who seek God. 3 They have all turned aside, They have together become corrupt; There is none who does good, No, not one. NKJV
      2. Rom 3:12 They have all turned aside; They have together become unprofitable; There is none who does good, no, not one." NKJV
      3. Isa 53:6 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; We have turned, every one, to his own way; NKJV
  3. Righteousness by _____________.
    1. And being found in Him Phil. 3:9
      1. Christ is the cause of life, because his righteousness is the judicial ground of our justification; and because we derive from him the Holy Ghost, which is the source of life both to the soul and body. C. Hodge on 1 Cor. 15:22
    2. Paul states it several ways: Rom. 5:15-19
      1. 15 But the free _____________ is not like the _____________. NKJV
        1. For if by the one man's offense many died, NKJV
        2. much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to many. NKJV
      2. 16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. NKJV
        1. For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in __________________________, NKJV
        2. but the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in __________________________. NKJV
      3. 17 For if by the one man's _____________ death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of _____________ will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.) NKJV
      4. 18 Therefore, as through one man's offense _____________ came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man's righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in _____________ of life.
      5. 19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made _____________, so also by one Man's obedience many will be made _____________. NKJV.
    3. Again in 1 Cor 15: Paul compares the first and the last Adam.
      1. 45 And so it is written, "The first man Adam became a living being." The last Adam became a __________________________ spirit.
      2. 46 However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural, and afterward the spiritual.
      3. 47 The first man was of the _____________, made of dust; the second Man is the Lord from _____________.
      4. 48 As was the man of dust, so also are those who are made of dust; and as is the heavenly Man, so also are those who are heavenly.
      5. 49 And as we have borne the image of the man of dust, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly Man. NKJV
    4. MacArthur says:
      1. The last Adam, however; became a life-giving spirit.
      2. The last Adam is Jesus Christ. "As through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous. And … as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord" (Rom. 5:19, 21; cf. vv. 12, 15). Through Adam we have inherited our natural bodies; through Christ we will inherit spiritual bodies in the resurrection. MacArthur's New Testament Commentary: 1 Corinthians
    5. In Adam all die and all in Christ will live.
      1. All those _____________ with Adam died in Adam, he was our representative, our federal head.
      2. All those _____________ with Jesus Christ have eternal life, through the new birth, repentance of sin and faith in the Savior.
    6. Salvation is by _____________.
  4. Jesus came as the second Adam 1 Cor 15:45
    1. "Christ is the second great _____________ and _____________ man, of whom Adam is declared to have been the _____________." Hodge on 1 Cor. 15:45
    2. By doing so he never failed but was _____________ even to _____________.
    3. As by the sin of Adam we were made _____________ so by the righteous of Jesus we are made _____________ through _____________ in His finished work.