Why Jesus Suffered & Died

2 Cor 5:21

He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

I think that most of us have seen the Passion of the Christ by now. I hope that for you it made a lasting impression. If you haven't seen it, you need to.

The media is asking all types of questions but I think they are asking the wrong ones. The real question to me is, "If Jesus of Nazareth was the Son of God as He claimed Why did God allow Him to suffer so." There is some legitimacy to the question to the Jewish leaders when they marvel that He had saved so many others and yet now He does not seem to be able to save himself.

The Islamic people have a reasonable belief when they think that Jesus did not suffer and die on the cross because how could God allow that to happen to His Son. For the liberal scholar Jesus torture was but a huge miscarriage of justice and a senseless act with no real reason. For they reject the whole of our message today.

But what was going on here. The first scene is Jesus pleading with the Father to keep him from that hour of trial and death al the while Satan is tempting Him to not go through with this insane plan, how could one man die for the sins of so many.

But what goes on here? Jesus is taken and immediately mistreated. Being struck by the temple guard who had arrested Him. And then delivered over to the Romans to a flogging that as we all could see killed many who underwent it. And then the ignoble crucifixion on the cross.

How could allow His Son His only begotten Son to suffer so. That is the question we hope to answer today.

  1. Reason that are not correct.
    1. Could it be that God didn't care?
      1. How many times of people come to hard times in their lives and when it all went wrong they have concluded that God just didn't care.
      2. There are several places in the Bible where people suppose that God is not watching or just doesn't care.
    2. Could it be that God had no control?
      1. Maybe God wanted to prevent this but He just couldn't.
      2. Could it be that God made us and then turned us loose to never regain control.
      3. Could it be that evil is really winning out and God is doomed to failure.
    3. Could it be that God just didn't know all this would happen?
      1. Maybe He had hoped better of His creation but could not be sure what they might do.
      2. Maybe God is doing the best He can but doesn't really know what will happen next.
      3. There are some theologians now that promote that idea of God.
  2. No God had required all of this.
    1. We see this in the things that Jesus said.
      1. Matt 20:22But Jesus answered and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?
        1. Jesus here refers to the cup and baptism as the overflowing suffering that He will endure.
        2. Often in the OT the cup refers to the cup of God's wrath.
        3. Isa 51:17 Awake, awake! Stand up, O Jerusalem,You who have drunk at the hand of the Lord The cup of His fury;You have drunk the dregs of the cup of trembling, And drained it out.
        4. Jer 25:15 For thus says the Lord God of Israel to me: "Take this wine cup of fury from My hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send you, to drink it.
      2. Matt 20:17 Now Jesus, going up to Jerusalem, took the twelve disciples aside on the road and said to them, 18 "Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be betrayed to the chief priests and to the scribes; and they will condemn Him to death, 19 and deliver Him to the Gentiles to mock and to scourge and to crucify. And the third day He will rise again."
      3. John 18:11 So Jesus said to Peter, "Put your sword into the sheath. Shall I not drink the cup which My Father has given Me?"
    2. God required a payment for sin an atonement, a covering for our sin.
      1. Heb 9:22 Without the shedding of blood, there is no forgiveness of sins.
      2. Acts 20:28 Therefore take heed to yourselves and to all the flock, among which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood.
      3. John 1:29 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, "Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!
      4. 1 Cor 15:3 Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures,
      5. 1 Cor 6:19 Or do you not know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own? 20 For you were bought at a price; therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God's.
    3. God required justice to be vindicated.
      1. Isa 53:10 Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise Him; He has put Him to grief. When You make His soul an offering for sin,
      2. Rom 3: 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, 25 whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed, 26 to demonstrate at the present time His righteousness, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus. NKJ
      3. Gal 3:13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, "Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree"),
    4. God had set in place a plan to reconcile the world to Himself
      1. Acts 2:22 "Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a Man attested by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs which God did through Him in your midst, as you yourselves also know-- 23 Him, being delivered by the determined purpose and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by lawless hands, have crucified, and put to death;
      2. 2 Cor 5:19 God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not imputing their trespasses to them, and has committed to us the word of reconciliation NKJ
  3. God had planned all of this.
    1. God foretold of that bloody beating and death He suffered for you and me in Isa. 52:14
      1. Isa 52:14 Many were horrified at what happened to him. But everyone who saw him was even more horrified because he suffered until he no longer looked human. CEV
      2. Isa 52:14 Many people were shocked when they saw him; he was so disfigured that he hardly looked human. TEV
      3. Isa 52:14 Many people were shocked when they saw him. His appearance was so changed he did not look like a man; his form was changed so much they could barely tell he was human. (NCV)
      4. Isa 52: 14 Many were amazed when they saw him--beaten and bloodied, so disfigured one would scarcely know he was a person. NLT

There is no doubt that what you saw in the move was not exaggerate the event. Jesus suffered immeasurably that day. Because what the move could not show was that He suffered also the wrath of God. Jesus endured an infinite punishment on the cross for my sin and for yours if you are a Christian. You see if you are not a Christian you will suffer for your own sins.

John 8: 24 Therefore I said to you that you will die in your sins; for if you do not believe that I am He, you will die in your sins."


 This message was preached at FBC Toulon,

by Albert Harmon. See it at http://toulonbaptist.com  



Here Paul summarized the heart of the gospel, resolving the mystery and paradox of vv. 18-20, and explaining how sinners can be reconciled to God through Jesus Christ. These 15 Gr. words express the doctrines of imputation and substitution like no other single verse. who knew no sin. Jesus Christ, the sinless Son of God (see notes on Gal. 4:4, 5; cf. Luke 23:4, 14, 22, 47; John 8:46; Heb. 4:15; 7:26; 1 Pet. 1:19; 2:22-24; 3:18; Rev. 5:2-10). sin for us. God the Father, using the principle of imputation (see note on v. 19), treated Christ as if He were a sinner though He was not, and had Him die as a substitute to pay the penalty for the sins of those who believe in Him (cf. Is. 53:4-6; Gal. 3:10-13; 1 Pet. 2:24). On the cross, He did not become a sinner (as some suggest), but remained as holy as ever. He was treated as if He were guilty of all the sins ever committed by all who would ever believe, though He committed none. The wrath of God was exhausted on Him and the just requirement of God's law met for those for whom He died. the righteousness of God. Another reference to justification and imputation. The righteousness that is credited to the believer's account is the righteousness of Jesus Christ, God's Son (see notes on Rom. 1:17; 3:21-24; Phil. 3:9). As Christ was not a sinner, but was treated as if He were, so believers who have not yet been made righteous (until glorification) are treated as if they were righteous. He bore their sins so that they could bear His righteousness. God treated Him as if He committed believers' sins, and treats believers as if they did only the righteous deeds of the sinless Son of God. MacArthur Study Bible


4. Circumstances and Events Related to Christ's Death

a) Christ Would Be Despised by Men

(1) Prophecy Ps. 22:6; Isa. 49:7; Isa. 53:2-3

(2) Fulfillment Luke 19:14; Luke 23:18; John 1:11

b) People and Rulers Would Conspire against Christ

(1) Prophecy Ps. 2:1-2

(2) Fulfillment Matt. 12:14

c) Christ Would Suffer in This Life

(1) Prophecy Isa. 52:14; Isa. 53:3

(2) Fulfillment Luke 22:15; Luke 22:44; Heb. 4:15

d) Christ Would Be Betrayed by a Friend

(1) Prophecy Ps. 41:9; Ps. 55:12-14

(2) Fulfillment Luke 22:3-4; John 6:64; John 6:70-71; John 13:18

e) Christ Would Be Sold for Thirty Pieces of Silver

(1) Prophecy Zech. 11:12

(2) Fulfillment Matt. 26:14-15

f) The Silver Would Buy a Potter's Field

(1) Prophecy Zech. 11:13

(2) Fulfillment Matt. 27:3-10

g) Christ Would Be Forsaken

(1) Prophecy Zech. 13:7

(2) Fulfillment Matt. 26:31; John 16:32

h) Christ Would Be Silent before His Accusers

(1) Prophecy Isa. 53:7

(2) Fulfillment Matt. 27:12; Luke 23:9

i) Christ Would Be Beaten

(1) Prophecy Isa. 52:14

(2) Fulfillment Matt. 27:26

j) Christ Would Be Spit Upon

(1) Prophecy Isa. 50:5-6

(2) Fulfillment Matt. 26:67; Matt. 27:30

k) Christ Would Be Hit in the Face

(1) Prophecy Mic. 5:1

(2) Fulfillment Matt. 26:67; Matt. 27:30

l) Christ Would Be Crucified

(1) Prophecy Ps. 22:16

(2) Fulfillment Matt. 26:2; John 3:14

m) Christ Would Be Given Gall and Vinegar

(1) Prophecy Ps. 69:21

(2) Fulfillment Matt. 27:34; Matt. 27:48; Luke 23:36

n) Christ's Garments Would Be Divided Up

(1) Prophecy Ps. 22:18

(2) Fulfillment Matt. 27:35

o) Christ Would Be Reviled and Mocked

(1) Prophecy Ps. 22:7-8; Ps. 22:12-13

(2) Fulfillment Matt. 27:39, 41-42; Mark 15:31-32; Luke 23:35-36

p) Christ's Body Would Die Surrounded by Criminals

(1) Prophecy Isa. 53:12

(2) Fulfillment Matt. 27:38; Mark 15:27; Luke 22:36-37

q) Christ Would Die for the Sin of the World

(1) Prophecy Isa. 53:5, 8, 10, 12; Dan. 9:26

(2) Fulfillment Matt. 27:50; Acts 8:30-35; 1 Cor. 15:3; Gal. 1:3; 1 Pet. 2:23-24

r) None of Christ's Bones Would Be Broken

(1) Prophecy Ps. 34:20

(2) Fulfillment John 19:32-33, 36

s) Christ's Body Would Be Pierced

(1) Prophecy Zech. 12:10

(2) Fulfillment John 19:34, 37

t) Christ Would Be Buried with the Rich

(1) Prophecy Isa. 53:9

(2) Fulfillment Matt. 27:57-60

Elwell, Walter A., ed., Topical Analysis of the Bible, (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House Company) 1991.