Who Crucified Jesus?

Mark 15:25

Now it was the third hour, and they crucified Him. NKJV

Do you like those who done it shows? I am not usually interested unless it has some technical aspect or a strange twist to it. I like "Monk" because it is not like any other "who done it" show.

Well we have sort of developed a who done it attitude when it comes to the crucifixion of Jesus. When Mel Gibson first began to publicize his show he was accused of being anti-Semitic. The primary charge was that the Jews didn't really crucify Jesus, it was the Romans. Mel's big problem was that he had followed the gospels in making the movie. That will always get you into problems with the world, when you follow the Bible.

I heard him give an interview with Diana Sawyer. She asked Him if the Jews crucified Jesus. He told her that it wasn't Norwegians.

Now the Jews do have a real point. In "Christian" Europe the Jews were hated and persecuted for centuries. We hear about what happened in the forties under Nazi Germany but that was only the tip of the iceberg. During the so called Christian crusades Jews were murdered by the thousands for the crimes of their fathers dozens of generations before. It is also true that the medieval passion plays were used to stir up the people to perform the atrocities on the helpless Jews of Europe and Asia Minor and the Middle East.

1190 Jews were officially designated slaves of the English king, Richard I, "the Lion Hearted"

http://www.nmhschool.org/tthornton/mehistorydatabase/christian_persecution_of_the_jew.htm

1298 Persecution of the Jews in Franconia, Bavaria and Austria. . . . more than 100,000 Jews were mercilessly killed.

1306 King Philip the Fair banished the Jews from France. 100,000 Jews left the country.

1394 Second banishment of Jews from France.

1453 The Franciscan monk, Capistrano, persuaded the King of Poland to withdraw all citizens' rights of the Jewish people.

1492 The banishment of Jews from Spain. 300,000 Jews who refused to be "baptized" into the Church of Rome left Spain penniless.

1497 Banishment of the Jews from Portugal.

1794 Restriction of Jews in Russia, Jewish men were forced to serve 25 years in the Russian military. Many hundreds of thousands of Jews left Russia.

1846-78 All former restriction, against the Jews in the Vatican State were re-inforced by Pope Pius IX.

1903 Renewed restrictions of Jews in Russia. Frequent pogroms (massacres); general impoverishment of Russian Jewry.

1933 Commencement of persecution of Jews in Hitler Germany. Inception of the systematic destruction of 6,000,000 Jews throughout Nazi-occupied Europe

So it is that Jewish people are very sensitive about this. But regardless of how you read the Bible, the Jews of today are not responsible for the death of Jesus. They are no more responsible for what their ancestors did than we are or the Germans are or the Spanish are etc.

So the purpose of this message is simply to lay down those responsible for Jesus death according to the Bible. Those of you viewing this on the internet will find more resources further down.

  1. Judas who betrayed Jesus played a very significant role in His crucifixion.
    1. It was Judas who took the first step when he set out to bargain with the chief priests: "What will ye give me, and I will deliver Him unto you?" (Matt. 26:15).
    2. He had been influenced by Satan to betray the Son of God to death.
  2. The Jewish leaders also played a very active role in Jesus crucifixion.
    1. They had tried on several occasions to stone Him at Jerusalem, but they had been restrained (John 5:18; 8:59; 11: 8).
    2. After the resurrection of Lazarus their hostility was hardened into a fixed resolve, and they began to plot accordingly: "From that day forth, they took counsel together for to put Him to death" (John 11:53).
    3. Mark 3:6 Then the Pharisees went out and began to plot with the Herodians how they might kill Jesus. (NIV)
      1. The Pharisees and the Herodians were not exactly "buddy-buddy" (Pharisees - religious, Herodians - secular) but they were in agreement on getting rid of Jesus.
    4. When Jesus had overturned the tables of the money-changers and those selling sacrificial animals in the temple:
      1. Mark 11:18 The chief priests and the teachers of the law heard this and began looking for a way to kill him, for they feared him, because the whole crowd was amazed at his teaching. (NIV)
    5. The chief priests and the scribes were the party who then delivered Him up to Pilate (John 18:30, 35).
      1. they did not believe that He was the Son of God.
      2. They drove Him to His death as a dangerous fanatic and a blasphemous impostor, and this was the ruling factor in their ultimate rejection.
      3. They had accused Him of "making Himself equal with God" when they had first tried to kill Him (John 5:18).
      4. They had heard Him identify Himself with the God who spoke to Moses from the burning bush and they would have killed Him then if He had not withdrawn from the temple (John 8:58, 59).
      5. They had angrily resented His claim that He and His Father were one and had caught up stones to stone Him (John 11:30, 31).
      6. The high priest had put Him on oath and had compelled Him to declare whether He was the Son of God; and it was His affirmation to this effect which had provoked the verdict of guilty and the shout for His death (Matt. 26:63-66).
      7. "We have a law, and by our law, He ought to die because He made Himself the Son of God" (John 19:7).
      8. But in reality it was for envy they had delivered Him. Matt 27:18 For he (Pilate) knew it was out of envy that they (the Sanhedrin) had handed Jesus over to him. (NIV)
    6. Caiaphas as the head of the Jews was the leading actor in this transaction (John 18:36; 19:11)
      1. "It is expedient for us that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not" (John 11:50).
    7. This did not mean that the execution would be carried out by their hands; it was left for Roman soldiers to nail Him to the Cross.
    8. But the moral burden was theirs;
      1. they were responsible for His crucifixion even though the act was carried out by others.
      2. It was their own implacable hatred which had prevailed; they had driven Pilate against his true judgment to a verdict "that it should be as they require" (Luke 23:24).
  3. Pilate was the final authority that could release or execute Jesus
    1. Pilate as the Roman Procurator took the last step: "Then delivered he Him therefore unto them to be crucified," (John 19:16; cf. Matt. 27:26; Mark 15:15; Luke 23:25).
    2. Jesus implicated the Gentiles as His killers
      1. Luke 18:31-32 31 Jesus took the Twelve (disciples) aside and told them, "We are going up to Jerusalem, and everything that is written by the prophets about the Son of Man will be fulfilled. He will be handed over to the Gentiles. They will mock him, insult him, spit on him, flog him and kill him. (NIV)
    3. Pilate finds Jesus innocent 3 times:
      1. Luke 23:4 Then Pilate announced to the chief priests and the crowd, "I find no basis for a charge against this man." (then sends Him to Herod)
      2. Luke 23:14 "You brought me this man as one who was inciting the people to rebellion. I have examined him in your presence and have found no basis for your charges against him."
      3. Luke 23:22 For the third time he spoke to them: "Why? What crime has this an committed? I have found in him no grounds for the death penalty. Therefore I will have him punished and then release him."
    4. Pilate can find no crime, but has Jesus whipped.
    5. In a last ditch attempt he offers up Bar-Abba, a man convicted and found guilty of insurrection and murder (ironically Jesus is accused of insurrection, but is innocent) in exchange for Jesus. This plan backfires and he ends up releasing a guilty man.
    6. Pilate displayed a lack of character and shallowness by giving into the pressure of the religious leaders and the crowd that they had roused. Pilate violated Roman law by allowing Jesus to be crucified.
  4. But God was sovereign over it all
    1. But chief priests and Procurator were both subordinate to the overruling sovereignty of God's mighty action: He "spared not His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all" (Rom. 8:32 R.V.; cf. 4:25; Gal. 2:20).
    2. Jesus predicted His death (and resurrection) at least 14 times. A sample:
      1. Mark 10:33-34 33 "We are going up to Jerusalem," he said, "and the Son of Man will be betrayed to the chief priests and teachers of the law. They will condemn him to death and will hand him over to the Gentiles, 34 who will mock him and spit on him, flog him and kill him. Three days later he will rise." (NIV)
      2. At His arrest and betrayal: Matt 26:53-56 53 Do you think I cannot call on my Father, and he will at once put at my disposal more than twelve legions of angels? 54 But how then would the Scriptures be fulfilled that say it must happen in this way?" 55 At that time Jesus said to the crowd, "Am I leading a rebellion, that you have come out with swords and clubs to capture me? Every day I sat in the temple courts teaching, and you did not arrest me. 56 But this has all taken place that the writings of the prophets might be fulfilled." (NIV)
      3. After Jesus was resurrected and had appeared to the apostles he had to remind them of these predictions: Luke 24:44-47 44 He said to them, "This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms." 45 Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures. 46 He told them, "This is what is written: The Messiah will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, 47 and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. (NIV)
  5. The ultimate reason for the death of Jesus
    1. Romans 3:22b For it makes no difference whether one is a Jew or a Gentile, 23 since all have sinned and fallen short of earning God's praise. 24 By God's grace without earning it, all are granted the status of being considered righteous before Him, through the act redeeming us from our enslavement to sin that was accomplished by the Messiah Yeshua. 25 God put Yeshua forward as the kapparah (atonement) for sin through his faithfulness in respect to his bloody sacrificial death. (JNT)

Where are you at?

"There is no one who does not sin." (1Kings 8:46)

"For there is not a righteous person on the earth, who does good and does not sin." (Eccl 7:20)

"We are all like one who is unclean, and all our righteousness' are like filthy rags." (Isaiah 64:5,6)

Jesus died so that we might have Forgiveness

Luke 23:34 Jesus said, "Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing." (NIV)

John 3:16, 17 16 "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him." (NIV)

Have you ever realized that it was your sins that nailed Jesus to the cross?

Have you ever placed yourself in the chair of Pilate and realize that it was you that condemned an innocent man so that you might go free?

It is all true. If you will have it Jesus died for you.

 

 This message was preached at FBC Toulon,

by Albert Harmon. See it at http://toulonbaptist.com  

 

 

Chapter One

BEARING HIS CROSS

From the book "The Place Called Calvary" by Marcus L. Loane; Zondervan

The Son of Man had passed through a night of continuous trial since He had led the eleven disciples through the silent streets of Jerusalem, out of the gates of the city, across the brook Kidron to the olive groves of Gethsemane. There had been His sorrow and bloody sweat in the garden, His arrest and trial in the high priest's palace, and His double experience of mockery and derision at the hands of Jews and Gentiles. The long suspense came to an end with His final condemnation after a rigged trial in the court of the Roman Procurator: "And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required and delivered Jesus to their will" (Luke 23:24, 25). Luke's claim that He was delivered up is a striking feature of the Gospel records.' He had Himself clearly foreseen how the guilt for that deed would be evenly divided between Jews and Gentiles: "Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of Man shall be delivered unto the chief priests and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn Him to death, and shall deliver Him to the Gentiles" (Mark 10:33; cf. 9:3 1). It was Judas who took the first step when he set out to bargain with the chief priests: "What will ye give me, and I will deliver Him unto you?" (Matt. 26:15). The chief priests and the scribes were the party who then delivered Him up to Pilate (John 18:30, 35). Caiaphas as the head of the Jews was the leading actor in this transaction (John 18:36; 19:11). Pilate as the Roman Procurator took the last step: "Then delivered he Him therefore unto them to be crucified," (John 19:16; cf. Matt. 27:26; Mark 15:15; Luke 23:25). But chief priests and Procurator were both subordinate to the overruling sovereignty of God's mighty action: He "spared not His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all" (Rom. 8:32 R.V.; cf. 4:25; Gal. 2:20).

St. John's words are marked by impressive brevity: And they took Jesus, and led him away. They took Him in order to work their will (cf. Luke 23:25). Pilate's part in this crisis had been to deliver Him into their hands; their part was to receive Him at his hand.' The verb which was employed is a compound full of grave and solemn meaning, for it is a distant echo of a statement in which it had been used before: "He came unto His own, and His own received Him not" (John 1:11). They would not receive Him that they might live by the light of the truth; but they did receive Him at the hands of Pilate so that He might be put to death. They had tried on several occasions to stone Him at Jerusalem, but they had been restrained (John 5:18; 8:59; 11: 8). But their policy was at length laid down by Caiaphas in a worldly maxim which was pursued with a ruthless intent: "It is expedient for us that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not" (John 11:50). Their hostility was hardened into a fixed resolve, and they began to plot accordingly: "From that day forth, they took counsel together for to put Him to death" (John 11:53). That policy reached fruition when Pilate was compelled to yield, and they took Him to work their will. This did not mean that the execution would be carried out by their hands; it was left for Roman soldiers to nail Him to the Cross. But the moral burden was theirs; they were responsible for His crucifixion even though the act were carried out by others. It was their own implacable hatred which had prevailed; they had driven Pilate against his true judgment to a verdict "that it should be as they require&' (Luke 23:24).

And they took Jesus, still wearing the crown of thorns. Rude hands had first laid hold of Him when His arrest took place in the garden: "So the band and the chief captain, and the officers of the Jews, seized Jesus and bound Him" (John 18:12 R.V.). He was made to appear before Annas in bonds, and from Annas He was sent "bound" to Caiaphas (John 18:24). He was pronounced guilty as a result of His declaration on oath that He was the appointed Messiah and the minions of the court were allowed to indulge in horse-play at His expense. They spat in His face and bandaged His eyes; they struck Him on the check and pushed Him to and fro; they mocked His fame as a prophet and asked Him to declare who it was that hit Him (Matt. 26:67, 68). Then when morning had come, they "bound" Him once more and brought Him before Pilate (Mark 15:1). Pilate was afraid to decide as he knew he ought to decide and he tried to appeal to their pity by a course of action that would stop short of death. He was stripped; He was scourged; and then He was mocked as a king. Pilate's henchmen decked Him in a purple tunic which was meant to be in imitation of the imperial toga. They thrust a reed into His hand as a kind of sceptre; they crammed a wreath of thorns on His head as a kind of crown; and they hailed Him as the King of the Jews with a kind of word-play on the acclamation: "Ave Imperator" (John 19:1-3). Pilate then brought Him forth before the Jews in the hope that such a sight would touch the chords of pity; but this appeal was in vain and he had yielded to their demands. The robe which had been thrown round His bleeding shoulders was now torn off and the garments for which they would cast lots had been restored; the reed fell from His hand and the bonds were removed so that He could carry His cross. The crown of thorns is not mentioned again; there is little doubt that it was worn to the end.

And they took Jesus, for they did not believe that He was the Son of God. They drove Him to His death as a dangerous fanatic and a blasphemous impostor, and this was the ruling factor in their ultimate rejection. They had accused Him of "making Himself equal with God" when they had first tried to kill Him (John 5:18). They had heard Him identify Himself with the God who spoke to Moses from the burning bush and they would have killed Him then if He had not withdrawn from the temple (John 8:58, 59). They had angrily resented His claim that He and His Father were one and had caught up stones to stone Him (John 11:30, 31). The high priest had put Him on oath and had compelled Him to declare whether He was the Son of God; and it was His affirmation to this effect which had provoked the verdict of guilty and the shout for His death (Matt. 26:63-66). They had lodged this accusation against Him when Pilate's treatment of the case was near its climax: "We have a law, and by our law, He ought to die because He made Himself the Son of God" (John 19:7). That helped to tip the scales, for "when Pilate heard that saying, he was the more afraid (John 19:8). It was something which they could not forget and which they threw up in scorn when He was on the cross: "Let God deliver Him now, if He will have Him: for He said, I am the Son of God" (Matt. 27:43). They had refused to own the truth that He had done what God alone can do, and they pursued Him to death on the ground that they could not accept Him as the Son of God. They had declared themselves more than ready to bear the guilt and blame: "His blood be on us, and on our children" (Matt 27:25). Yet they did not know the enormity of what they did, for had they known, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.

St. John's words are also marked by laconic clarity: And they took Jesus, and led him away. They led Him thence, bearing His cross. It was common practice to make the man who was under sentence of death carry his cross to the place of execution. It was the sign by which the crowd knew that he was the man under condemnation, and there was a touch of inhuman irony in thus making him the bearer of the very gallows on which he would suffer. St. John alone records that this indignity was laid on Him when He set out on that Via Dolorosa: "And He, bearing His cross, went forth into a place called the place of a skull" (John 19:17). The cross was laid on His shoulders, but He soon sank beneath its weight; His back had been flayed by the scourge and He could not bear the added pressure on His lacerated shoulders. St. John does not furnish any further detail on this subject, but the first three Gospels all state that it became necessary to find a crossbearer for Him. St. Luke's record is clear and full: "And as they led Him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country; and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus"

Another Resource for this message

http://www.hearnow.org/wkj.html

 

The following from http://www.hearnow.org/caljp.html

1290 Edward I banished the Jews from England. 16,000 Jews left the country.

1298 Persecution of the Jews in Franconia, Bavaria and Austria. The Nobleman Kalbfleish alleged that he had received a divine order to destroy all the Jews. 140 Jewish communities were destroyed, and more than 100,000 Jews were mercilessly killed.

1306 King Philip the Fair banished the Jews from France. 100,000 Jews left the country.

1320 In France, 40,000 shepherds dedicated themselves for the Shepherd Crusade to free Palestine from the Moslems. Under the influence of criminals and land speculators, they destroyed 120 Jewish communities.

1321 Jews were accused of having incited outlaws to poison wells and fountains in the district of Guienne, France. 5,000 Jews were burned at the stake.

1348 Jews were blamed for the plague throughout Europe, especially in Germany. In Strausberg 2,000 Jews were burned. In Maintz 6,000 were killed in most gruesome fashion, and in Erfut 3,000; and in Worms 400 Jews burned themselves in their homes.

1370 Jews were blamed for having defiled the "Host" (wafer used in the Mass) in Brabant. The accused were burned alive. Again, all Jews were banned from Flanders and until the year 1820, every 15 years a feast was kept to celebrate the event.

1391 Persecutions in Spain. In Seville and 70 other Jewish communities, the Jews were cruelly massacred and their bodies dismembered.

1394 Second banishment of Jews from France.

1453 The Franciscan monk, Capistrano, persuaded the King of Poland to withdraw all citizens' rights of the Jewish people.

1492 The banishment of Jews from Spain. 300,000 Jews who refused to be "baptized" into the Church of Rome left Spain penniless. Many migrated to the Muslim country, Turkey, where they found tolerance and a welcome.

1497 Banishment of the Jews from Portugal. King Manuel, generally friendly to the Jews, under pressure from Spain instigated forced baptism to keep the Jews. 20,000 Jews desired to leave the country. Many were ultimately declared slaves.

1540 Banishment of Jews from Naples and 10 years later, from Genoa and Venice.

1794 Restriction of Jews in Russia, Jewish men were forced to serve 25 years in the Russian military. Many hundreds of thousands of Jews left Russia.

1846-78 All former restriction, against the Jews in the Vatican State were re-inforced by Pope Pius IX.

1903 Renewed restrictions of Jews in Russia. Frequent pogroms (massacres); general impoverishment of Russian Jewry.

1933 Commencement of persecution of Jews in Hitler Germany. Inception of the systematic destruction of 6,000,000 Jews throughout Nazi-occupied Europe