Slaves Set Free
24 being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, 25 whom God set forth as a propitiation by His blood, through faith, to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His forbearance God had passed over the sins that were previously committed, 26 to demonstrate at the present time His righteousness, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus. NKJV
Last time we saw how that God Justified us freely, by His grace. To us that is the important thing. Some might say, “just so long as it is done, I do not care how.”
But God intends for us to understand all about our relationship with Him. It is in our understanding of God and an appreciation for all that He has done four us that worship develops.
The children of Israel lost their gratitude for God and turned their worship away from God. In our nation we too are in great danger of the same thing. We see this by the priority that worship has among many Christians in America.
So Paul here gives us a glimpse into the reason for worship. Once we were slaves to sin but Jesus has redeemed us and set us free.
A. Just a few verses ago Paul tells us that we are “all under sin.”
1. No one of us was free from the control of sin in our lives.
2. We were dead in sin, spiritually corrupt and defiled.
3. Paul will later tells us in Rom 7:14 “For we know that the law is spiritual, but I am carnal, sold under sin.” NKJV
B. The whole idea of redemption is based on the need of redemption.
1. One might loose land and all that he had and be sold himself as a slave to pay the debt.
2. At that point there is little hope of him releasing himself.
3. His only hope is in a redeemer.
C. In the book of Galatians Paul’s main premise is that we were all on the slave block, helpless, hopeless, but Jesus came and redeemed us out of the slave market of sin never to return us their.
1. Galatians 3:13 (NKJV) Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, "Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree"),
2. (1) agorazo, "to purchase in the market." The underlying thought is of a slave-market. The subjects of redemption are "sold under sin" Ro 7:14 but are, moreover, under sentence of death (Scofield)
D. An illustration from the Bible (Ruth)
1. Elimelech, and his wife Naomi, during a famine lost all they had and moved to another country with their two sons, Mahlon and Chilion.
2. The sons grew and married wives and all seemed well.
3. Then Elimelech died but Naomi still had her two sons and their wives.
4. But then her two sons died and Naomi had no source of support left.
5. She determined to return to Israel and bid her daughters-in-law to find themselves new husbands from among their own people.
6. But Ruth wanted to return to the land of Israel with her mother-in-law.
7. Now we all know the story of Ruth and Boaz, who was a relative to Elimelech.
8. Boaz bought the ground of Elimelech and married Ruth.
9. He redeemed all that had been Elimelech’s.
E. Another illustration from the Bible.
1. The prophet Hosea was called by God to marry a wife who God told him would prove unfaithful.
2. For all of Hosea’s best efforts Gomer took off and abandoned her husband.
3. But in chapter 3 God tells Hosea where she is.
4. He is to go to the salve market where Gomer is being sold, no doubt for debts she could not pay.
5. So Hosea goes and purchases his wife back from the life of sin she had chosen.
6. Hosea 3:1-3 (NKJV)1 Then the Lord said to me, "Go again, love a woman who is loved by a lover and is committing adultery, just like the love of the Lord for the children of Israel, who look to other gods and love the raisin cakes of the pagans." 2 So I bought her for myself for fifteen shekels of silver, and one and one-half homers of barley. 3 And I said to her, "You shall stay with me many days; you shall not play the harlot, nor shall you have a man--so, too, will I be toward you."
7. So it is the same that Jesus did for you and me.
8. We were sold under sin, condemned, hopeless, worth only the price of a slave, when Jesus came in and gave all that He had to redeem us and to set us free.
A. This idea springs from the Old Testament teaching of the kinsman redeemer.
1. Redemption: Kinsman type, summary. The goel, or Kinsman-Redeemer, is a beautiful type of Christ.
a. The kinsman redemption was of persons, and an inheritance #Le 25:48 25:25 Ga 4:5 Eph 1:7,11,14
(1) Le 25:48 ‘after he is sold he may be redeemed again. One of his brothers may redeem him;
(2) Le 25:25 ‘If one of your brethren becomes poor, and has sold some of his possession, and if his redeeming relative comes to redeem it, then he may redeem what his brother sold.
(3) Ga 4:5 to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.
(4) Eph 1:7 In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His grace
(5) Eph 1:11 In Him also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestined according to the purpose of Him who works all things according to the counsel of His will,
(6) Eph 1:14 who is the guarantee of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, to the praise of His glory.
b. The Redeemer must be a kinsman #Le 25:48,49 Ru 3:12,13 Ga 4:4 Heb 2:14,15.
(1) Le 25:48 ‘after he is sold he may be redeemed again. One of his brothers may redeem him;
(2) Le 25:49 ‘or his uncle or his uncle’s son may redeem him; or anyone who is near of kin to him in his family may redeem him; or if he is able he may redeem himself.
(3) Ru 3:12 "Now it is true that I am a close relative; however, there is a relative closer than I.
(4) Ru 3:13 "Stay this night, and in the morning it shall be that if he will perform the duty of a close relative for you—good; let him do it. But if he does not want to perform the duty for you, then I will perform the duty for you, as the LORD lives! Lie down until morning."
(5) Ga 4:4 But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law,
c. The Redeemer must be able to redeem #Ru 4:4-6 Jer 50:34 Joh 10:11,18
(1) Ru 4:4 "And I thought to inform you, saying, ‘Buy it back in the presence of the inhabitants and the elders of my people. If you will redeem it, redeem it; but if you will not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know; for there is no one but you to redeem it, and I am next after you.’" And he said, "I will redeem it."
(2) Ru 4:5 Then Boaz said, "On the day you buy the field from the hand of Naomi, you must also buy it from Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to perpetuate the name of the dead through his inheritance."
(3) Ru 4:6 And the close relative said, "I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I ruin my own inheritance. You redeem my right of redemption for yourself, for I cannot redeem it."
(4) Jer 50:34 Their Redeemer is strong; The LORD of hosts is His name. He will thoroughly plead their case, That He may give rest to the land, And disquiet the inhabitants of Babylon.
d. Redemption is effected by the goel paying the just demand in full #Le 25:27 1Pe 1:18,19 Ga 3:13. Scofield
(1) Le 25:27 ‘then let him count the years since its sale, and restore the remainder to the man to whom he sold it, that he may return to his possession.
(2) 1Pe 1:18 knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold, from your aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers,
(3) 1Pe 1:19 but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.
(4) Ga 3:13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, "Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree"),
B. Redemption: (Exodus type) Summary. Exodus is the book of redemption and teaches:
1. redemption is wholly of God #Ex 3:7,8 Joh 3:16.
2. redemption is through a person. See Scofield "Ex 2:2". #Joh 3:16,17.
3. redemption is by blood #Ex 12:13,23,27 1Pe 1:18.
4. redemption is by power #Ex 6:6 13:14 Ro 8:2.
5. See Scofield "Isa 59:20". See Scofield "Ro 3:24".
C. The blood of Christ redeems the believer from the guilt and penalty of sin. #1Pe 1:18 as the power of the Spirit delivers from the dominion of sin. #Ro 8:2 Eph 2:2.
We live in a world that wants to think better of its self every day. We don’t want to admit that we are sinners, that we are sold under sin, that we need a Savior, a Redeemer. Let me show you.
Hymn 279 in our hymn book has that famous hymn by Isaac Watts commonly called At The Cross. Notice the words of the first stanza. Alas! and did my Saviour bleed, And did my Sovereign die? Would he devote that sacred Head For such sinners such as I?
But we don’t like that so it is changed in Hymns for the Family of God, hymn # 95 to read For someone such as I? Now doesn’t that sound so much better.
But let us see how Isaac Watts wrote it. Alas! and did my Saviour bleed, And did my Sovereign die? Would he devote that sacred Head For such a worm as I?
The reason why people are not being saved in the USA is that we can’t make them see that they are lost. They have no need of a Savior, no need of redemption.
Heb. goel; i.e., one charged with the duty of restoring the rights of another and avenging his wrongs #Le 25:48,49 Nu 5:8 Ru 4:1 Job 19:25 Ps 19:14 78:35 etc. This title is peculiarly applied to Christ. He redeems us from all evil by the payment of a ransom (q.v.).
The purchase back of something that had been lost, by the payment of a ransom. The Greek word so rendered is _apolutrosis_, a word occurring nine times in Scripture, and always with the idea of a ransom or price paid, i.e., redemption by a lutron (see) #Mt 20:28 Mr 10:45 There are instances in the LXX. Version of the Old Testament of the use of _lutron_ in man’s relation to man #Le 19:20 25:51 Ex 21:30 Nu 35:31,32 Isa 45:13 Pr 6:35 and in the same sense of man’s relation to God #Nu 3:49 18:15 There are many passages in the New Testament which represent Christ’s sufferings under the idea of a ransom or price, and the result thereby secured is a purchase or redemption (comp.) #Ac 20:28 1Co 6:19,20 Ga 3:13 4:4,5 Eph 1:7 Col 1:14 1Ti 2:5,6 Ti 2:14 Heb 9:12 1Pe 1:18,19 Re 5:9 The idea running through all these texts, however various their reference, is that of payment made for our redemption. The debt against us is not viewed as simply cancelled, but is fully paid. Christ’s blood or life, which he surrendered for them, is the "ransom" by which the deliverance of his people from the servitude of sin and from its penal consequences is secured. It is the plain doctrine of Scripture that "Christ saves us neither by the mere exercise of power, nor by his doctrine, nor by his example, nor by the moral influence which he exerted, nor by any subjective influence on his people, whether natural or mystical, but as a satisfaction to divine justice, as an expiation for sin, and as a ransom from the curse and authority of the law, thus reconciling us to God by making it consistent with his perfection to exercise mercy toward sinners" (Hodge’s Systematic Theology).